The following is a brief introduction to the process of the 1-200,000-ton organic fertilizer production line and organic fertilizer production machine.
Organic fertilizer made by organic fertilizer production machine is farmyard manure, including various animal and plant residues or metabolites, such as human and animal manure, straw, animal residues, slaughterhouse waste, sugar mill filter mud, urban sludge, paper sludge, wine troughs , straw, peat, etc. In addition, it also includes cake fertilizer (rapeseed cake, cottonseed cake, bean cake, sesame cake, castor cake, tea seed cake, etc.); compost; compost; manure; biogas; green manure, etc.
Mainly derived from plants and (or) animals, carbonaceous materials that are applied to soil to provide plant nutrition as their main function. It is processed from biological materials, animal and plant wastes, and plant residues to eliminate toxic and harmful substances, and is rich in a large number of beneficial substances, including: a variety of organic acids, peptides, and rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. nutrient elements.
The fertilizer made by organic fertilizer production machine can not only provide comprehensive nutrition for crops, but also has a long fertilizer effect. It can increase and renew soil organic matter, promote microbial reproduction, and improve the physical and chemical properties and biological activity of soil. It is the main nutrient for green food production.
The production process of the organic fertilizer production machine is mainly to remove organic solid wastes with a moisture content of less than 60%, such as chicken manure, pig manure, cow manure, duck manure, domestic garbage, sugar residue, distiller’s grains, sludge, medicinal residue, sugar slag, mushroom scraps, rice husks, weeds, straws, monosodium glutamate plant scraps, etc. are the main raw materials.
And microbial fermentation agents are added to mix evenly, and aerobic continuous fermentation makes it fully decomposed, sterilized, deodorized, and dehydrated. , fermented, decomposed and dried to a water content of 30-35% of the organic waste after crushing, and then magnetically sieved.
Then the raw materials with the binder and other ingredients to be compatible are measured, batched and mixed in the automatic batching mixing system according to the ratio requirements (or further dried to produce powdered organic fertilizer), and the fully mixed materials are uniformly distributed by the belt conveyor.
It is continuously fed into an organic fertilizer pellet making machine for granulation, and then dried by a dryer at low temperature and large air volume (≤65℃), and then cooled, sieved, and the finished granules are coated by a coating machine (brightening agent and anti-caking agent). 40-50kg/bag of finished products are then stacked and put into storage, and finally round granules of fertilizer are produced.
The organic fertilizer equipment production line includes: fermentation turner, automatic batching machine, pulverizer, mixing mixer, organic fertilizer production machine, dryer, cooler, screening machine, coating machine, packaging equipment, belt conveyor, etc.
lIt is necessary to determine the output of organic fertilizer production machine, such as how many tons per year, or how many tons per hour, so that the price can be determined.
The selection of the organic fertilizer production machine should be determined according to the local fertilizer sales market. The particle shape is different, the process of organic fertilizer equipment is also different, and the price of organic fertilizer equipment is also different.
Generally, the higher the configuration, the more, the automatic batching device, automatic Packaging device, automatic quantitative feeding device, cyclone dust removal and ink dust removal.
For the same output, organic fertilizer and organic fertilizer production machine generally considers high water content and bacterial strains are not resistant to high temperature, and the model is generally larger than the compound fertilizer model. Some.
There are 4 types of general organic fertilizers, pure organic fertilizer, organic-inorganic compound fertilizer, bio-organic fertilizer, compound microbial fertilizer.
Generally, the shallow tank turner is most suitable for the principle of aerobic fermentation (the advantages of the shallow tank turner: it is most in line with the principle of aerobic fermentation, it is not easy to form anaerobic, the fermentation is fully and completely, and the fermentation speed is fast).
Pig manure contains 15% organic matter, 0.5% nitrogen, 0.5-0.6% phosphorus, and 0.35-0.45% potassium. Pig manure is fine in texture and complex in composition, including protein, fats, organic acids, cellulose, hemicellulose and inorganic salts. Because it contains more nitrogen, the ratio of carbon to nitrogen is small, about 14:1. Generally, it is easily decomposed by microorganisms and releases nutrients that can be absorbed and utilized by crops.
Pig manure has the highest humus content, the largest amount of cationic substitution, and the strongest fertility retention, but it has more water content and less cellulolytic bacteria. Mixing a small amount of horse manure to inoculate cellulolytic bacteria can greatly increase the fertilizer efficiency.
Cow dung contains 14.5% organic matter, 0.30-0.45% nitrogen, 0.15-0.25% phosphorus, and 0.10-0.15% potassium. The organic matter and nutrient content are lower in various livestock, the texture is fine, the water is more, the decomposition is slow, the calorific value is low, and it is a delayed-effect fertilizer.
Cow dung has high water content, poor ventilation, and the organic matter is difficult to decompose. It is a cold fertilizer. Dry the fresh species and add horse manure to mix and accumulate to obtain loose and high-quality organic fertilizer.
Horse manure contains 21% organic matter, 0.4-0.5% nitrogen, 0.2-0.3% phosphorus, and 0.35-0.45% potassium. Horse manure contains more cellulose and hemicellulose. In addition, it also contains lignin, protein, fat, organic acid and various inorganic salts.
The water in horse manure is easy to evaporate, and it contains more cellulolytic bacteria. It is a thermal fertilizer. The application of horse manure can improve the properties of clay.
Sheep manure contains 24-27% organic matter, 0.7-0.8% nitrogen, 0.45-0.6% phosphorus, and 0.4-0.5% potassium. Sheep manure contains more organic matter than other animal manures, and the manure is finer and richer in fertilizer.
The heat of sheep manure is between horse manure and cow manure. It is also a thermal fertilizer, also known as warm fertilizer. It is applied on sandy soil and clay soil with good effect.
Poultry manure contains 25.5% organic matter, 1.63% nitrogen, 1.54% phosphorus, 0.85% potassium, 11% carbohydrate, 7% fiber, and fresh poultry manure has a high water content.
Nitrogen in poultry manure (chicken manure, duck manure, goose manure, pigeon manure, etc.) is mainly in the form of uric acid, which cannot be directly absorbed and utilized by crops, and is harmful to crop root growth. At the same time, fresh poultry manure is easy to attract underground pests.
Using organic fertilizer production machine to make manure into organic fertilizer is one of them, so how should farmers configure their own organic fertilizer production equipment?
The production capacity of the organic fertilizer production line is very large, and it can produce 0.5-20 tons of organic fertilizer per hour. If the production scale of the farm is too small, and the use of livestock manure as the raw material for organic fertilizer production, the raw material of organic fertilizer will be insufficient.
Adding and introducing an organic fertilizer production line, then the organic fertilizer production machine will be in a stagnant state for most of the time, which is obviously not cost-effective. Even if the organic fertilizer production line with an output of 0.5 tons per hour is introduced, if the production is 8 hours per day, 4 tons of organic fertilizer will be produced on that day.
We all know that the moisture content of livestock manure is relatively high, and the moisture content of organic fertilizer cannot be higher than 30%, so the livestock manure required to produce one ton of organic fertilizer is higher than one ton. For example, one ton of pig manure can ferment 0.7 tons of organic fertilizer, and 5.7 tons of pig manure is needed to produce 4 tons of organic fertilizer.
Each pig in the pig farm produces 3.24 kg of pig manure per day on average, and the pig farm needs more than 1,700 pigs to produce 5.7 tons of pig manure. Similarly, 300 beef cattle, 160 dairy cows, 2,500 sheep and 60,000 chickens are needed.
If the scale is insufficient, the simple compost fermentation can be directly returned to the field. If the labor intensity of turning the heap is too high, an organic fertilizer turning machine can be used.
The organic fertilizer production machine investment is small and the effect is quick, and the equipment investment is 50000-100000 USD.
Turner, batching bin, semi-wet material pulverizer, horizontal mixer, organic fertilizer pellet making machine, dryer, cooler, trommel screening machine, coating machine, automatic packaging scale each, and several conveying equipment. This production line needs 100000-600000USD.
This organic fertilizer pellet making machine production line has a huge investment and needs 200000-3000000USD.
The above is just a simple suggestion, you can also configure it according to your own wishes. The scale of the farm required for the configuration of various grades of organic fertilizer production machine production lines can be calculated according to the proportions in the previous paragraph.
Fish feed extrusion is a crucial procedure that plays a important role in producing high-grade feed for fish and also various other water pets. The extrusion process can be enhanced by considering several aspects, consisting of component option, process specifications, as well as tracking equipment. The initial step in enhancing the performance of a fish feed extruder is to thoroughly pick the active ingredients. The best active ingredients will offer the necessary nutrients in the suitable total up to meet the dietary demands of the target varieties. The active ingredients need to be formulated to make certain that they are compatible with the extrusion process as well as will produce pellets or other forms that are consistent in size, form, and structure. The healthy protein as well as fat content of the active ingredients should additionally be very carefully balanced to prevent processing problems. Related post: floating fish feed machine When the ingredients have actually been picked, the process specifications have to be gotten used to enhance efficiency. Temperature level is among one of the most important process parameters in fish feed extrusion. The temperature in the extruder must be very carefully managed to ensure that the active ingredients are correctly prepared which the pellets are totally formed and also constant in structure. Extreme warm can likewise bring about nutrition loss and also other handling problems. Therefore, it is essential to keep an eye on as well as adjust the temperature throughout the extrusion procedure to achieve optimal outcomes. Pressure is another important procedure parameter that must be monitored as well as gotten used to optimize efficiency. The pressure in the extruder should be thoroughly regulated to make certain that the ingredients are effectively mixed which the pellets are consistent in size, form, as well as texture. Excessive pressure can likewise bring about processing difficulties and result in pellets that are also hard or dense.Therefore, it is important to very carefully monitor and readjust the stress in the extruder to accomplish the wanted outcomes. Along with adjusting process criteria, checking the extruder for uniformity as well as high quality is additionally crucial in optimizing efficiency. Regular screening and also monitoring can help determine potential issues prior to they come to be considerable troubles, permitting producers to make modifications and boost the total high quality of the end product. Sensing units and also checking equipment can be made use of to check the temperature and also stress in the extruder. Temperature level sensors can be utilized to monitor the temperature in the extruder as well as make sure that it stays within the preferred array. In a similar way, stress sensors can be used to keep track of the stress in the extruder and also ensure that it continues to be within the desired array. Normal screening can also help identify concerns with pellet uniformity and also top quality, permitting manufacturers to make changes to the extrusion procedure as required. Along with active ingredient selection, procedure criterion modification, and surveillance equipment, other factors can additionally impact the performance of a fish feed extruder. Upkeep as well as cleansing of the extruder are crucial in making sure that it runs at peak performance. Regular cleansing can aid prevent accumulation and blockages that can result in refining difficulties. Finally, optimizing the efficiency of a fish feed extruder calls for cautious consideration of a number of variables, consisting of active ingredient selection, process specification adjustment, and also surveillance devices. By picking the right active ingredients, changing process criteria, and keeping track of the extruder for consistency as well as top quality, producers can accomplish the very best possible results and create top quality, nutritionally total feed for fish and also other water pets. (Follow…
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